Chess in 1990
by Bill Wall

In 1990, R.O. Mitchell won the US Junior Open. He is the first African-American to win it.

In 1990, FIDE banned smoking at all of its events.

In 1990, the Soviet chess magazine Shakhmatny Bulletin ceased publication.

In 1990, Ye Rongguang (1963- ) won the China National Chess Championship and became China's first grandmaster.

In 1990, China hosted the second part of the Women's Candidates Final Chess match. The players were Yugoslav GM Alisa Maric and GM Xie Jun.

In 1990, Major Bill Wall won the Central Pacific Armed Forces Championship in Concord, CA.

In 1990, Mario Murillo (Navy) won the 31st US Armed Forces championship. The Sea Services won the team championship. There was no Air Force team that year due to lack of funds.

In 1990, Mark Ginsburg won the Manhattan Chess Club Championship.

In 1990, Michael Rohde won the Marshall Chess Club Championship.

In 1990, Walter Arencibia Rodriguez, Klaus Bischoff, Rustem Dautov, Dimitar Donchiev, Semen Dvoirys, Vladimir Epishin, Andrija Fuderer, Igor Glek, Lars Bo Hansen, Jozsef Horvath, Gata Kamsky, Alexander Khalifman, Anthony Kosten, Vasilios Kotronias, Joel Lautier, Elmar Magerramov, Igor Naumki, Igor Novikov, Lembit Oll, Gad Rechlis, Olivier Renet, Alexei Shirov, Aleksandr Shneider, Ilya Smirin, Vasil Spasov, Tibor Tolnai, Paul van der Sterren, William Watson, Aleksander Wojtkiewicz, Patrick Wolff, Yuri Yakovich, Ye Rongguang, and Jouni Yrjola became GMs.

In 1990 World Champion Anatoly Karpov lost to MEPHISTO in a simultaneous exhibition in Munich. MEPHISTO also beat grandmasters Robert Huebner and David Bronstein. MEPHISTO won the German blitz championship and earned an International Master norm by scoring 7-4 in the Dortmund Open.

In 1990 Bogdan Szetela noticed a car drive by that looked like his that had been stolen 11 days earlier. But this car had a taxi light on top and "Crescent Cab Co." painted on the side. Spotting a police officer, he told the cop that the cab was his stolen car. Police weren't convinced until he told them that he left a chess set in the trunk before it was stolen. The police popped the trunk and found the chess set.

In 1990, FIDE president Florencio Campomanes (1927-2010) barely escaped death as he had a car crash in Uganda. The president of the Uganda Chess Federation sitting next to him was killed.

In the 1990s, grandmaster Maurice Ashley was mugged twice in New York.

In 1990, grandmaster Gregory Kaidanov and his wife had their luggage stolen from the trunk of a car while he was having dinner at a restaurant in New York City. The next day, he was attacked by a gang and robbed of his money, airline tickets, and 10 years of chess analysis.

In 1990, the American Chess Foundation funded the New York City Schools Chess Program.

In 1990, Bob Rice created the Wall Street Chess Club in New York City.

In 1990, Dr. Hans Berliner (1929-2017) was inducted into the US Chess Hall of Fame.

In 1990, Thomas Wolski won the Memorial Day Classic in Los Angeles.

In 1990, The Chess Show began appearing on public television in Portland, Oregon. It was on the air from 1990 to 1998. Players called in to make the chess moves.

In 1990, Alexander Beliavsky won the OHRA tournament in Amsterdam.

In 1990, the USSR won the chess summit in Reykjavik.

In 1990, Alexander Fishbein was awarded the Samford Fellowship.

In 1990, Adriano Chicco died. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1967. Historian and problemist.

In 1990, Nona Gaprindashvili won the women's Interzonal in Malaysia.

In 1990, Dimitri Gurevich won the National Open in Las Vegas.

In 1990, Garry Kasparov was rated at 2800, followed by Karpov at 2730. Gelfand and Ivanchuk were rated 2680, followed by Timman at 2660.

On January 7, 1990, GM (1984) Eero Book (1910-1990) died in Finland. He was a former Finnish champion.

On January 11, 1990, John Nunn won the annual Hoogovens tournament at Wijk aan Zee.

On January 12, 1990, GM (2002) Sergej Karjakin was born in Ukraine.

On January 26, 1990, GM (2004) Yuri Kuzobov was born in Ukraine.

On February 2, 1990, Anatoly Karpov played Deep Thought and won at Harvard.

On February 18, 1990, Kasparov won at Linares, Spain.

On February 22, 1990, an episode (Season 8, Episode 19) called "Indoor Fun with Sammy and Robby" appeared on Cheers (TV series from 1982 to 1993). Robin Colcord (Roger Rees) challenges Sam Malone (Ted Danson) to play a game of chess for a week's salary. Sam accepts despite not knowing how to play chess. However, Sam gets help from some transmitting equipment with Norm and Pete sitting in front of a computer with a strong chess engine running.

On February 23, 1990, GM Ngoc Truongson Nguyen was born in Vietnam.

On Feb 28, 1990, GM (2012) Anna Muzychuk was born in Lviv, Ukraine.

On March 8, 1990, Karpov won the Karpov-Timman Candidates Final in Kuala Lumpur.

On March 9, 1990, the US Amateur Team Championship was won by the East.

On March 15, 1990, the US Masters Open in Chicago was won by Tony Miles.

On April 8, 1990, Alexander Khalifman won the NY Open.

On April 27, 1990, Alexander Feldman won the National HS championship in Kansas City.

In May 1990, top Russian Grandmaster Artur Yusupov returned to Moscow after taking second equal prize at the SKA tournament in Munich. Hence he was carrying quite a lot of money on the homeward trip. Shortly after he had arrived home, armed thieves came to his apartment and proceeded to rob him of money and other valuables. Although Yusupov put up no resistance, one of the thieves panicked and discharged a shotgun into his stomach. For some time Yusupov was critically ill, but his energy levels were never quite the same after this traumatic experience, and he gradually fell back from his position as one of the top half-dozen players in the world.

On May 10, 1990, the US championship playoff was held in San Francisco. Tony Miles and Nick deFirmian qualified.

On May 23, 1990, there was a 5-way tie for 1st at the GMA Final Tournament in Moscow.

On May 30, 1990, the women's interzonal B in Moscow was won by Kakhiani and Galliamova.

On June 6, 1990, the US Cadet Championship in NY was won by Bobby Seltzer.

On June 26, 1990, Edgar McCormick won the US Amateur Championship in Somerset, NJ.

On June 26, 1990, Georgy Timoshenko won the Canadian Open in New Brunswick.

On June 29, 1990, the Manila Interzonal started. Boris Gelfand and Vassily Ivanchuk tied for 1st.

On June 30, 1990, Igor Glek won the World Open in Philadelphia.

In July 1990, Anatoly Karpov won at Biel, a Category 15 tournament.

On July 1, 1990, the Women's Interzonal A in Malasyia was won by Gaprindashvili.

On July 13, 1990, the US Junior Championship in Bloomington, IL was won by Ilya Gurevich.

On July 14, 1990, GM Ian Nepomniachtchi was born in Russia.

On July 21, 1990, Garry Kasparov defeated Psakhis in Murcia, Spain.

On July 29, 1990, Beliavsky won OHRA in Holland (Cat 14).

On August 5, 1990, the Denker High School Championship was held in Jacksonville. There was a 4 way tie.

On August 5, 1990, Yasser Seirawan won the US Open in Jacksonville, Florida.

On August 5, 1990, Lev Alburt won the US Closed Championship in Jacksonville, Florida.

On August 9, 1990, an episode (Season 1, Episode 5) called "Russian Flu" appeared on Northern Exposure. A game of chess was being played and one of the spectators said it was more fun watching slush melt than watching chess.

On August 9, 1990, Elena Donaldson-Akhmilovskaya (1957-2012) won the U.S. Women's Chess Championship, held in Spartanburg, SC. She tied for the championship in 1993 and won it again in 1994.

On August 1990, Jim Plaskett won the British championship, held in Eastbourne, England.

On August 21, 1990, Mephisto won the 2nd computer Olympiad held in London.

On August 11, 1990, Maxim Dlugy won the US Open Blitz Championship.

On Aug 26, 1990, GM (1990) Rudolf Maric (1927-1990) died in Yugoslavia at the age of 63.

On Sep 21, 1990, Honorary Emeritus GM (1983) Alexander Konstantinopolsky (1910-1990) died in Moscow at the age of 80.

On September 24, 1990, Ivanchuk and Kamsky tied at Tilburg (Category 16).

On September 25, 1990, Larsen won the Watson, Farley, & Williams tournament in New York (Cat 11).

On September 26, 1990, England and the USSR tied in the 1990 World Chess Probelm Solving Championship.

On October 8, 1990, the World Chess Championship between Kasparov and Karpov began at the Hotel Macklowe in New York. I was part of the press corps.

On October 10, 1990, Emil Diemer (1908-1990) died in Germany. He helped popularize the Blackmar-Diemer Gambit.

On October 21, 1990, GM Maxime Vachier-Lagrave was born in France.

On October 26, 1990, GM (1976) Guillermo Garcia Gonzales (1953-1990) died in a car wreck in Havana on his way to the airport to catch a plane to play in the Chess Olympiad in Novi Sad. He was only 36. He won the Cuban championship 3 times.

In October 1990, the 2nd NATO championship was held in Oslo, Norway. Germany and Norway tied for 1st-2nd, followed by Italy. The USA team tied for 4th-5th. The individual winner was FM Gunter Deleyn of Belgium.

In November, 1990, Beliavsky, Yudasin, Bareev, Vyzmanavin tied for 1st in the 57th USSR Championship, held in Leningrad. There were 14 players.

On November 9, 1990, the 29th chess Olympiad in Novi Sad, Yugoslavia started. The 1990 chess Olympiad at Novi Sad, Yugoslavia (now Serbia) was the last appearance of the Soviet Union and East Germany. The Hong Kong men's team was represented by four players from four different countries. The Novi Sad Olympiad had 123 grandmasters, 177 international masters, and 85 FIDE masters. Teams from Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania arrived in Novi Sad without an invitation and the organizers refused to let them participate. The Soviet team (Ivanchuk, Gelfand, Beliavsky, Yusupov, Yudasin, Bareev) won the event.

On November 10, 1990, Mark Lanin won the US Senior Open, held in Miami.

On November 14, 1990, GM David Howell was born.

On November 22, 1990, Walter Browne and Igor Ivanov won the American Open in Los Angeles.

On November 22, 1990, the second half of the Kasparov-Karpov world championship match in Lyon, France began.

From November 24-20, 1990, the 10th world microcomputer chess championship was held in Lyon, France. It was won by Mephisto.

On November 30, 1990, GM (2004) Magnus Carlsen, current world chess champion, was born in Norway.

On December 4, 1990, the USSR won the 29th Chess Olympiad in Novi Sad. USA took 2nd place.

On December 21, 1990, Yasser Seirawan defeated Jan Timman 4-2 in the annual KRO match.

On December 21, 1990, Anand and Kamsky tied for first in New Delhi (Category 11).

On December 23, 1990, the National Chess Congress was won by Roman Dzindzichashvili.

On December 30, 1990, Harvard won the Pan American Championship.

On December 31, 1990, Kasparov won the world championship, 12.5 - 11.5, and earned $1.7 million. Karpov took home $1.3 million.

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