Chess in 1804
by Bill Wall

Napoleon Bonaparte
In 1804, An Introduction to the History and Study of Chess was written by Thomas Pruen and printed by H. Ruff. The name 'Philidor Legacy' was first used.

In 1804, the first authenticated correspondence match was played between a Dutch army officer named Freidrich Wilhelm von Mauvillon (1774-1851) stationed at Breda, Netherlands, and one of his friends stationed at The Hague (Den Haag), Netherlands in 1804.

In 1804, Verdoni died. He replaced Philidor at Parsloe's in London as a chess teacher. He co-wrote Traite theorique et pratique du jeu des echecs, published in Paris in 1775.

In 1804, Julius Casar wrote Berliner almanach fur karten schach.

On March 26, 1804, Wolfgang von Kempelen (born in 1734), inventor of the first automaton, the Turk, died. He was the Aulic Counselor on Mechanics to the Royal Chamber.

On March 29, 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte played a game of chess with Madame von Remusat at Malmaison.

On May 15, 1804, Peter August d'Orville, Pierre was born in St Petersburg. He was an outstanding chess problemist and chess composer. He died in 1864.

On September 23, 1804, James Thompson was born in London, England. He was an American master. He formed the New York Chess Club in 1839 and participated in the First American Chess Congress in 1857.

Madame Claire de Remusat—Napoleon Bonaparte, Paris, 1804 (some sources say 1802)
1.e4 Nf6 2.d3 Nc6 3.f4 e5 4.fxe5 Nxe5 5.Nc3 Nfg4 6.d4 Qh4+ 7.g3 Qf6 8.Nh3 Nf3+ 9.Ke2 Nxd4+ 10.Kd3 Ne5+ 11.Kxd4 Bc5+ 12.Kxc5 Qb6+ 13.Kd5 Qd6# 0-1

NN—Friedrich Wilhelm von Mauvillon, Correspondence, 1804
1.e4 e5 2.d4 Qf6 3.d5 Bc5 4.Nh3 d6 5.f3 Bxh3 6.gxh3 c6 7.c4 a5 8.Nc3 Na6 9.a3 h6 10.Qd3 Bd4 11.Na4 Ne7 12.Bd2 Nc5 13.Nxc5 Bxc5 14.Be3 Bxe3 15.Qxe3 c5 16.Qb3 O-O 17.Qe3 Ng6 18.Rg1 Nf4 19.O-O-0 Ng6 20.Rd2 Qf4 21.Qf2 h5 22.Kb1 Nh4 23.Qg3 g6 24.Rd3 a4 25.Be2 Kh7 26.Ka2 Rfb8 27.Rb1 b5 28.cxb5 Rxb5 29.Bd1 Rb6 30.b3 axb3+ 31.Bxb3 Rab8 32.Qxf4 exf4 33.Bc2 Ng2 34.Rdb3 Rxb3 35.Rxb3 Rxb3 36.Kxb3 Ne1 37.Bd1 Nd3 38.h4 Kg7 39.Kc3 Ne5 40.a4 Nd7 41.a5 Nb8 42.Kc4 Na6 43.Kb5 Nb4 44.e5 Nxd5 45.exd6 Nc3+ 46.Kxc5 Nxd1 47.d7 1-0

NN—Friedrich Wilhelm von Mauvillon, Correspondence, 1804
1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Bc5 3.d3 Nf6 4.Qf3 Nc6 5.c3 d6 6.h3 a6 7.b4 Bb6 8.g4 Be6 9.g5 Bxc4 10.dxc4 Ng8 11.h4 Qd7 12.a4 Ba7 13.a5 b6 14.b5 Nxa5 15.bxa6 Nxc4 16.Ne2 Ne7 17.Ng3 g6 18.h5 Nc6 19.Qf6 Rd8 20.h6 d5 21.Nd2 dxe4 22.Ngxe4 N4a5 23.Qf3 Qf5 24.c4 Qxf3 25.Nxf3 Nxc4 26.Nc3 Rd3 27.Nxe5 N4xe5 28.Nb5 Rd5 29.Nxa7 Nxa7 30.Ke2 0-1

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